Categories: Dog Breeds & Care

Jamie Johnson

does collie shed

Collies are an incredibly popular breed of dog due to their intelligence, loyalty, and affection for their owners. These dogs have become beloved family members for many and their loving temperaments and obedient personalities have endeared them to countless homes. But with any dog breed, there are considerations for care and maintenance, and that includes understanding how much and how often a Collie sheds. In this post, we discuss in detail the shedding patterns of Collies, their coat care, health requirements, and exercise and nutrition needs. With this information, you can make an informed decision on whether a Collie is the right breed for you and your family.

How Much Do Collies Shed?

Collies are known for their thick, luxurious coats, which are often kept long and are sometimes groomed into breathtaking show-worthy styles. But no matter the style, collies tend to shed – a lot. While each dog’s shed pattern may vary, collies are generally considered an average shedder year-round.

Shedding Cycles

Like all dogs, collies shed in cycles. They typically shed the majority of their coat twice a year, generally during the spring and autumn. During this time, these lovely long-haired pooches may need to be brushed more often to keep the shedding to a minimum.

Shedding Process

When collies shed, their hair comes out in clumps, not individual hairs. This makes them easier to brush than some other breeds. It’s important to frequently brush your collie’s hair throughout the year so that when shedding does occur, it won’t be too overwhelming.

Grooming Tips

Brushing is the best way to keep your collie’s coat in tip-top shape and to reduce shedding. Brushing regularly helps to remove any loose hairs, as well as keep mats and knots from forming. Additionally, using a de-shedding tool can help to remove any deep-rooted, excess hair.

Dog Foods Impact on Shedding

Meanwhile, feeding your collie the right food for their coat can also be beneficial. To determine the best food for your collie, consider what you’re feeding them and if it includes enough of the essential vitamins and minerals that help to maintain a healthy coat. If needed, you can consider switching to a food that contains added sources of omega-3 fatty acids or other supplements that benefit coat health.


An example of how dramatic the effect of switching food can be is one of my clients. She had a collie that was shedding all year round and seemed to never stop shedding no matter how often we brushed her. When we switched her to a diet more suited for collies, her shedding reduced drastically. We’re now able to have her coat looking amazing with only brushing once a week.

From above of crop anonymous female after shower sitting on bed and rubbing cream in hands

Coat Maintenance and Grooming Requirements

A Collie is a beautiful dog and their double coating, which is both long and dense, needs to be regularly groomed to keep it healthy and tangle-free. This guide explains how to do this and also provides advice on preventing and treating any common coat issues.

Regular Brushing

Brushing your Collie’s coat regularly is essential to keeping it healthy and tangle-free. For short-haired Collies, the brushing sessions should be 3-5 times a week and for long-haired Collies the sessions should take place daily.

The type of brush you use is also essential in keeping your Collie’s coat healthy; it should be of a good quality and the bristles should be flexible. It is also important to brush gently but firmly to avoid breaking or pulling the hair, and in a direction that follows the natural fur texture.


Bathing your Collie regularly is also important and this should take place every 3-4 months for best results. When bathing your Collie, it is important to use a mild shampoo and conditioner that are specially formulated for dogs. This ensures that any dirt, debris and dead fur are removed very effectively, while keeping the coat’s natural oils intact.

Once finished, it’s essential to brush out the coat to remove any water and dirt remnants. Always brush towards the direction of the fur to avoid tangling and breaking, while being mindful to not brush too hard to avoid discomfort and discomfort.


You may also like to trim your Collie’s fur, but this should be done by a professional groomer and not by yourself as it is easy to make mistakes or cause distress. It is also important to ensure that the coat does not get cut too short, as too much of the coat being removed will affect the insulation properties of the fur and increase the chances of getting skin infections or sensitivities if the coat is subject to dirt or allergens.

The type of tools used for trimming is important; the scissors should be well-maintained and sharp, and the combs must be the correct size for the coat. It is also important to ensure the area being trimmed is pulled tight to avoid cutting the wrong area of the fur.

Regular Vet Checkups

Regular checkups with the vet are essential to monitor the coat and skin health of your Collie. A professional opinion can identify any skin problems before they become worse, as well as provide advice on any necessary treatments or prevention methods. This can often save a lot of money and stress in the long run.

Common Coat Issues

A few common coat issues that Collies can suffer from include scurf, which is a dry, flaking skin caused by yeast, allergy-related skin issues, and ticks and fleas, which can both cause extreme discomfort and infections if not treated correctly.

Treatments for these issues can come in the form of antibiotics, supplements, and specially formulated shampoos. Depending on the severity and extent of the problem, the vet may prescribe certain treatments to provide relief for your Collie.

Examples of Collie Upkeep

One example of successful Collie upkeep comes from Tom and Tracey Smith, who are the proud owners of Max, their three-year-old Collie. As Max’s coat is long, they brush it every day in the morning before their walk; this keeps the coat free of mats, tangles and debris. They also ensure to visit the vet regularly for a coat and skin check-up and Max has been found to be in excellent condition.

Another example is from Kathy Taylor whose Collie, Ben, has a medium-length coat that she maintains with bi-monthly check-ups and brushing sessions twice a week. Kathy also provides Ben with supplements that keep his coat looking and feeling healthy and she washes him every 3-4 weeks with a mild dog shampoo and conditioner.

These examples illustrate that with regular brushing and trimming, as well as using the appropriate products, it is possible to keep a Collie’s coat looking and feeling healthy.

Snow Capped Mountain Distant from Cow and Brown Road

Types Of Coats and Possible Color Variations

Collies come in two coat types: a double-coated variety and a single-coated variety.


This type of coat is composed of two layers – an outer layer known as the ‘guard hairs’, and an undercoat. The guard hairs are much stiffer than the undercoat, and primarily serve as protection from dirt, water and other elements.

Possible Color Variations

The most common colors seen in Collies include black, white, liver and tan, sable and white, and blue merle. Other variations might include brown or gold, red or reddish brown and silver.

Examples and Stories From Collie Owners

Many Collie owners will enjoy the feeling of soft fur while petting their pups. Shannon, who owns a black and white Collie, loves the specks of white present on its underside that helps complete its unique look.

Another example comes from owners of sable and white Collies. These Collies often have wide shades of tan that create unique and eye-catching patterns on the coat. Additionally, their blue eyes complement the sable and white coat perfectly, making them truly a picture of beauty.

Grooming Requirements

To help keep the coat healthy-looking and well-groomed, Collies need to be brushed daily or every other day. This will help reduce tangles and matting in the guard hairs and undercoat, as well as remove excess dirt and oils.

In addition, Collies need to be bathed every few weeks, depending on skin allergies or other issues. When bathing a Collie, it’s important to make sure that their coat is thoroughly dried so that their skin won’t become overly dry.

Dry shampoo can also be used in between baths to keep the coat looking good, but it should never be used to replace traditional bathing.

Brushing and bathing will help to dramatically reduce the amount of shedding that Collies do. After a bath and good brushing, Collies should be able to go multiple days without needing to be brushed or bathed again.

Still, shedding is unavoidable – even with the best care. This is why Collie owners will often use a vacuum cleaner dedicated to pet hair to quickly and easily remove fur from furniture and other surfaces in the home.

Woman Standing near Shed

Health Considerations For Collies

As a Collie owner, it’s important to be aware of the health risks associated with the breed. Collies, like any other breed, are prone to certain hereditary and congenital issues that can cause health problems if left untreated. While it’s impossible to predict every issue a Collie may develop, there are some common conditions that are important to be aware of.

Notable Conditions

Collies can be more prone to certain hereditary and congenital conditions. One of the most notable issues is hip dysplasia, which is a genetic condition that occurs when the hip joint is malformed. This can cause pain, stiffness, and lameness in the hip area. Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA) is another condition that can be common in Collies. It’s an inherited eye disorder that can cause cloudy vision, blindness, or even retinal detachment. Other common conditions include epilepsy and the MDR1 gene mutation.

Vet Visits

Regular vet visits are an essential part of keeping your Collie healthy. Vet visits are important for preventing, treating, and monitoring any health issues your Collie might have. Early detection and treatment can help improve your Collie’s quality of life and prevent against any latent health issues. Make sure to take your Collie in for regular check-ups, even if they seem healthy.

Nutritional Considerations

Maintaining a balanced diet and healthy weight is essential for your Collie’s health. Consult with a veterinarian to come up with a diet that meets your Collie’s nutritional needs. Depending on their age and activity level, they may need different types of food. Your vet can also help you decide when and what supplements may be necessary.


Collies should get plenty of exercise to stay healthy. As a puppy, monitored exercise is essential to avoid injury due to over-exertion. As an adult, your Collie should get one to two hours of moderate exercise a day. Be aware of any joint or muscle issues that could affect how much exercise your Collie should get. Consider talking to a vet about physical limitations or specific exercises to avoid.

Closeup Photography of Tan and White Boxer

Training Needs for Collies

Collies are active, intelligent and, of course, loyal dogs who will thrive with the right care and training. It’s important to socialize a Collie early on, as this will help to prevent behaviors like aggression and excessive barking. Starting obedience training is also beneficial, and you can use commands like “sit,” “come” and “stay” to give your pet structure and boundaries. Make sure to offer praise and treats when he responds to your commands, as this reinforces your message.

Leash Training Your Collie

To keep your Collie safe and secure, it’s important to start leash training! Start by introducing a comfortable, adjustable collar and a short leash for training. Then, gradually increase the amount of time your Collie spends on the leash. Provide lots of treats during the process, and make sure to give verbal praise when your Collie responds positively. Keeping leash training interesting is key, and you can reward good behavior with a fun game of fetch or even a new toy.

Potty Training

Collies can be a bit stubborn when it comes to potty training, so it’s important to remain consistent. Give your Collie an appropriate place to eliminate, and establish rules and boundaries. Be sure to use a monosyllabic phrase like “go potty” when taking them outside, and provide lots of verbal praise and rewards. Additionally, it’s important to clean any messes quickly and thoroughly to prevent your Collie from returning to the same spot.

Mental and Physical Engagement

Collies are active and energetic, to it’s important to give them fun, safe activities to stimulate them mentally and physically. One great way to do this is with a game of fetch. This can be played inside or out, and is a great way to burn off excess energy. You can also provide your Collie with various toys, like puzzle feeders and chew bones, that require mental stimulation to access treats.

Strange Situations and Loud Noises

You can help your Collie get accustomed to strange situations and loud noises by gradually exposing him to those experiences. Start by introducing your Collie to new people and objects, and make sure to provide lots of verbal praise and treats. Keep each exposure short and sweet, and if your Collie appears anxious, stop the process and try again at a later time. Additionally, you can use recorded sounds like fireworks to desensitize your dog to noises in a safe environment.

Picture of an Australian collie dog

Collie Temperament and Personality Traits

The Collie is an intense and loyal hardworker that displays intelligence and loves to please its handler. It is alert, courageous and always ready to work, but also has a high capacity for fun and joyful activities. Collies are considered some of the most well-mannered of all dogs as long as they are well-trained and have had consistent socialization.

Does Collie Shed?

Yes, Collies do shed. However, they don’t require a tremendous amount of grooming and they shed less than many other breeds. The Collie is a relatively low-maintenance breed that requires occasional brushing and regular baths. The fur of a Collie is semi-long and wiry, falling into two layers. The undercoat is soft and dense, providing the breed with extra insulation during colder months. The topcoat is coarse and may be straight or slightly waved. Shedding is determined by both of these layers, which can differ depending on the individual dog. The amount of shedding a Collie does may also depend on their diet. For example, dogs on a diet high in fat will generally shed more than those on a diet lower in fat.

Grooming and Shedding

Collies need fairly regular brushing in order to control shedding. If you want to keep the fur manageable, it’s best to brush them about three times a week. Grooming and shedding are intertwined for the Collie, because brushing helps remove dead hair and reduce the amount of fur in the house. In addition to brushing, the coat needs to be kept tangle-free by running a brush through it daily. Bathing your dog with a shampoo specifically formulated for dogs will help remove excess dander and shed fur from your dog’s coat. Regular grooming and brushing will keep your Collie looking and feeling its best.

Reduce Shedding

In order to reduce shedding, make sure your Collie is on a nutritious diet that is high in nutrients and low in fat. This will help keep the shedding to a minimum and will also help keep your Dog healthy. You can also keep shedding to a minimum by regularly brushing your Collie’s coat and by bathing them with a moisturizing shampoo. Lastly, if you keep up with regular grooming sessions you can try a coat-conditioner that helps reduce the amount of fur in the house and on furniture. By regularly brushing and grooming your Collie, you can keep shedding under control and maintain a healthy coat for your pet.

Soft Focus Photo of Dachshund

Exercise Requirements For Collies

For many people, their pets are part of their family. Collies, in particular, are social and active dogs who require regular exercise to stay happy and healthy. Exercise has numerous benefits for both physical and mental health and can keep both the owner and their pet in the best state possible. In this article, we’ll explore why and how collies need exercise and share the story of John and his collie, Max.

Benefits of Exercise

Exercise is excellent for our physical health, strengthening muscles and bones. It helps maintain a healthy weight, reduces the risk of heart disease, and boosts feelings of overall wellbeing. Exercise also has mental health benefits; regular physical activity can help with stress, anxiety, depression, and cognitive function(memory, focus, and learning). Exercise with your pet is especially beneficial; it can help strengthen the bond between you and your animal, as well as encouraging better behavior.

Requirements for Collies

Exercise is essential for collies in particular, as they are highly active and social dogs. For collies, practicing 30-60 minutes of vigorous exercise daily or multiple times daily is recommended.

Owners should also consider the type of exercise their pet needs. Ideally, activities will combine both physical and mental stimulation. Running, walking, playing, fetch, and agility games are excellent ways to get in physical exercise, while teaching tricks or learning new skills can stimulate the mind. Variety is important for collies, as it can help prevent boredom and sparked interest.


John is an owner of a three-year-old collie called Max. He makes sure to provide Max with the exercise he needs to stay fit, healthy, and happy. To achieve this, he takes Max on two thirty minute runs daily, one in the mornings and one in the evenings. John also takes Max out on weekend hikes, challenging him with agility exercises such as running up and down stairs, and playing active games like fetch.

John understands that each day can be different depending on Max’s energy levels, so he makes sure to check in with him and adjust accordingly. Through daily observation and active engagement with his pet, John recognizes when Max is feeling tired and switches off running for a relaxed walk, or replaces a game of fetch with one of his tricks.

John’s commitment to exercise has been incredibly beneficial for both him and Max. Thanks to his regular physical and mental stimulation, Max is more obedient, happy, and well-mannered. John has also noticed that hearing his voice, seeing people, and understanding commands have become easier for Max over time.

does collie shed

Nutrition Requirements for Collies

As an owner of a Collie, it’s important for me to understand what their nutritional needs are so I can ensure their health and wellbeing. A complete and balanced diet for a Collie should contain the essential macronutrients like proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Here are the details I need to know.


Proteins are extremely important in a Collie’s diet, providing essential amino acids that grow, develop and maintain healthy muscle, bones, and organs. Protein should make up 25-35% of their total caloric intake, with good sources including lean meats, eggs, fish, and low-fat dairy products.


Fats are essential for providing energy and healthy skin and coat. Fats should make up 10-12% of a Collie’s total caloric intake, and good sources include chicken fat, salmon oil, and sunflower oil.


Carbohydrates are an important source of energy to power a Collie’s active lifestyle and promote healthy digestion. Carbohydrates should make up 55-65% of a Collie’s total caloric intake, and good sources include brown and wild rice, sweet potatoes, and barley.

Vitamins and Minerals

Ensuring adequate levels of vitamins and minerals through supplements is a must for active Collies who don’t receive enough sunlight for Vitamin D. Depending on the Collie’s height, weight, age and activity levels, the caloric intake may need to be occasionally adjusted. It is also important to make sure that their daily caloric intake is monitored so they are provided with the best nutrition possible.

White Wooden Lifeguard Shed


Overall, collies are affectionate and loyal dogs that are incredibly intelligent and obedient. They are a traditionally herding-based breed, but can adapt to different environments and households. Collies need plenty of exercise and grooming, and they shed regularly. With proper training, a good diet and regular maintenance, a collie can live a long and happy life. If you can provide your collie with the care it needs, you’re sure to find a loving, devoted friend in this breed.

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